By Naomi Rogers

In the course of global battle II, polio epidemics within the usa have been considered because the country's "other struggle at home": they can be neither anticipated nor contained, and paralyzed sufferers confronted incapacity in a global unfriendly to the disabled. those realities have been exacerbated by means of the scientific community's enforced orthodoxy in treating the sickness, remedies that in general consisted of useless cures.

Polio Wars is the tale of Sister Elizabeth Kenny -- "Sister" being a connection with her prestige as a senior nurse, no longer a non secular designation -- who arrived within the US from Australia in 1940 espousing an unorthodox method of the therapy of polio. Kenny approached the sickness as a non-neurological ailment, championing such novel cures as scorching packs and muscle workouts as opposed to splinting, surgical procedure, and immobilization. Her care embodied a unique variety of medical perform, one in all confident, patient-centered remedies that gave wish to determined sufferers and households.

The Kenny process, at the start brushed aside via the USA scientific institution, received overwhelming aid over the resultant decade, together with the endorsement of the nationwide beginning for childish Paralysis (today's March of Dimes), America's greatest illness philanthropy. via 1952, a Gallup ballot pointed out Sister Kenny as such a lot famous girl in the US, and she or he went directly to function knowledgeable witness at Congressional hearings on clinical examine, a beginning director, and the topic of a Hollywood movie. Kenny breached expert and social mores, crafting a public character that mixed Florence Nightingale and Marie Curie.

By the Eighties, following the invention of the Salk and Sabin vaccines and the March of Dimes' withdrawal from polio examine, such a lot americans had forgotten polio, its treatments, and Sister Kenny. In interpreting this ancient arc and the public's technique of forgetting, Naomi Rogers offers Kenny as somebody worthy remembering. Polio Wars recalls either the fervour and the practices of scientific care and explores them of their personal terms.

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Plastridge “Report of Observation,” five. sixty six. Kendall and Kendall “Report,” 7–13. sixty seven. “S. okay. ’s paintings might be constrained to the giving [of] the warmth treatments”; Kendall and Kendall “Our Notes. ”; Kendall and Kendall “Report,” 2. sixty eight. Kendall and Kendall “Report,” 6. sixty nine. James S. Pooler “Fishbein Denies Unfairness was once proven Sister Kenny” Detroit loose Press April 2 1945. 70. Florence Kendall to Catherine Worthingham, might thirteen 1941, Kendall assortment; Catherine Worthingham to Florence Kendall, could 28 1941, Kendall assortment. seventy one. Catherine Worthingham to Director, Sister Kenny’s sanatorium, July 28 1941, Public family, MOD-K. seventy two. Kenny to pricey pass over Worthingham, August four 1941, Public kinfolk, MOD-K. seventy three. Kenny to O’Connor, August 19 1941 Public family members, MOD-K. seventy four. Emil Roy Rosner [president of the hot York country Society of Physio-Therapists] to pricey Colleagues [at Children’s health center School], November 24 1941, Kendall assortment. seventy five. Diehl to pricey Sister Kenny, January 27 1941, Dr. Harold S. Diehl, 1941–1944, MHS-K. seventy six. Robert M. Yoder “Healer from the Outback” Saturday night publish (January 17 1942) 214: 70. seventy seven. “New strategy for Paralysis circumstances authorised” Philadelphia night Bulletin October 18 1942. seventy eight. Kenny with Ostenso they usually Shall stroll, 233–239. seventy nine. Kenny to expensive Dr. Diehl, September five 1941, Dr. Harold S. Diehl, 1941–1944, MHS-K. eighty. Kenny to expensive Dr. Pye, June 25 1941, Kenny assortment, Fryer Library; Miland E. Knapp to expensive health practitioner Diehl, March 10 1944, Am 15. eight, folder 1, [accessed in 1992 sooner than re-cataloging], UMN-ASC; see additionally Kenny to Chuter June 25 1941, Scrapbook, OM 65-17, 2/3, Chuter Papers, Oxley-SLQ. eighty one. Catherine Quealy “Foundation OK’s Fund for Polio medical institution at ‘U’ ” Minneapolis Star-Journal June five 1941. eighty two. “Sister Kenny’s sufferer will get significant Thrill in stroll to desk” Minneapolis Star-Journal June 12 1941. eighty three. Wallace H. Cole and Miland E. Knapp “The Kenny therapy of childish Paralysis: A initial file” JAMA (June 7 1941) 116: 2577–2580; “Treatment for Polio” Time (June 23 1941) 37: seventy three. eighty four. “Kenny Paralysis remedy authorized through U. S. drugs” long island instances December five 1941. eighty five. Frank D. Campion The A. M. A. and U. S. wellbeing and fitness coverage because 1940 (Chicago: Chicago evaluation Press, 1984), 114–130; see additionally Allen G. Debus “A Tribute to Morris Fishbein” Bulletin of the background of drugs (1977) fifty one: 153–154. 86. Miland E. Knapp “Commentary” in John F. Pohl and Elizabeth Kenny, The Kenny thought of childish Paralysis and Its therapy (Minneapolis: Bruce Publishing Co. , 1943), 344. 87. Knapp to expensive Frank [Krusen], March eleven 1941, Public kin, MOD-K. 88. Philip Stimson to pricey Joe [Stokes], December three 1941, field 2, Folder 2; Correspondence re scientific Talks, Philip Stimson Papers, scientific heart documents, New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell, ny; Pohl “The Kenny remedy of Anterior Poliomyelitis,” 1428–1433. 89. [Preface] Cole and Knapp “The Kenny remedy of childish Paralysis: A initial Report,” 2577. ninety. Cole and Knapp “The Kenny therapy of childish Paralysis: A initial Report,” 2578. ninety one.

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