Using Buddhist suggestion, explores and demanding situations the philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre.

This sustained and distinctively Buddhist problem to the ontology of Jean-Paul Sartre’s Being and Nothingness resolves the incoherence implicit within the Sartrean belief of nothingness via beginning to a Buddhist imaginative and prescient of vacancy. Rooted within the insights of Madhyamika dialectic and an articulated meditative (zen) phenomenology, Nothingness and vacancy uncovers and examines the assumptions that maintain Sartre’s early phenomenological ontology and questions his theoretical elaboration of realization as “nothingness.” Laycock demonstrates that, as well as a “relative” nothingness (the for-itself) outlined opposed to the positivity and plenitude of the in-itself, Sartre’s ontology calls for, but in addition repudiates, a notion of “absolute” nothingness (the Buddhist “emptiness”), and is hence, because it stands, logically risky, might be incoherent. the writer isn't really easily serious; he finds the junctures at which Sartrean ontology appeals for a Buddhist belief of vacancy and gives the wanted supplement.

“Numerous authors have contributed to the phenomenology/Buddhism discussion, yet Laycock’s paintings may be the main certain and profound meditation on their convergence to this point. The book’s significant contribution is a reassessment of phenomenology—especially that of Sartre—in an international philosophical context. people who care in regards to the improvement and alertness of phenomenology may want to personal this book.” — Frederic L. Bender, collage of Colorado-Colorado Springs

“This ebook makes a tremendous contribution to comparative phenomenology.” — J. N. Mohanty, coeditor of Phenomenology and Indian Philosophy

Steven W. Laycock is affiliate Professor of Philosophy on the college of Toledo and the writer of brain as reflect and the Mirroring of brain: Buddhist Reflections on Western Phenomenology, coeditor (with James G. Hart) of Essays in Phenomenological Theology, additionally released by means of SUNY Press, and writer of Foundations for a Phenomenological Theology.

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1983, 129–30). certainly, “yes”/”no” questions are disingenuous precisely to the level that we regulate the choices. faraway from expectation or call for, distant even from mild request, Bataille finds the spirit of interrogation in earnest entreaty: “Philosophy isn't supplication; yet with no supplication, there is not any feasible answer” (1988, 36). For Bataille, it's supplication that profits the ear of being. And it truly is supplication that grounds philosophy. Sartrean audacity, the call for for a solution, has to be tempered by means of a twinge of humility. whereas ask yourself, the primordial query, stocks little of the abjection of supplication, it vibrates by no means with the boldness of “expectation. ” yet in one other experience, Belnap’s topic will not be stunned. The Belnap query turns out extra heavily allied to the true/false than to the multiplechoice examination. The query is noticeable on the stem of the multiple-choice merchandise and ramifies into response-alternatives, every one of that is explicitly meant as a potential resolution to the query. Questions can't, then, be analyzed into whatever like a multiple-choice activity on soreness of circularity. nonetheless, the goods of a true/false examination aren't severally taken as attainable solutions to a unmarried query. particularly, each one is taken, separately, because the content material of the implicit query, “Is this assertion real? ” Baudrillard sees within the true/false exam the prototype of digitalization, “infinitely divisible question/answers, all magnetized by means of a couple of nice types within the luminous field of the code” (1983, 139). And we, like tireless robots, assign our “Ts” and our “Fs” to the bits and the bytes of knowledge conveyed earlier our sensors. provided in simple terms with a listing of statements, and requested to spot the genuine ones, we would ask yourself why we're being subjected to this dead scan, how the fiendish experimenter got here up with simply those statements, and the way our assignments of fact are for use and evaluated, yet we might no longer be puzzled on the unforeseen restrict or expansiveness of the checklist as a suite of attainable responses to a question. there's extra to a question than a disjunction of responses and a request. and there's much less. attainable solutions should not analytic elements of the query. Merleau-Ponty perceives that “the interrogative isn't really a style derived by way of inversion or via reversal of the indicative . . . ” (1969, 129). The query isn't a proposition fronted by way of an interrogative, instead of an assertoric, operator. each query first opens upon what could be actual, simply then settling upon what's. The “more” is the feel of interrogativity, the feel that this checklist didn't materialize magically out of skinny air, that the goods at the checklist usually are not arbitrary statements chosen, possibly, at random, yet that every merchandise is a potential solution, and hence a potential solution to a query. The actual interrogativity of the query is felt as a vacuum, a scarcity, a lack of safeguard, and the reaction isn't really in simple terms a disembodied statement, yet an avowal skilled as 72 Nothingness and vacancy succumbing to the destructive strain of this void.

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