By Damien Keown

The latter 1/2 the 20th century witnessed a starting to be curiosity in Buddhism, and it keeps to seize the mind's eye of many within the West who see it as both another or a complement to their very own non secular ideals. various introductory books have seemed lately to cater to this starting to be curiosity, yet virtually none devotes awareness to the particularly moral dimensions of the culture. for numerous complicated cultural and old purposes, ethics has no longer bought as a lot awareness in conventional Buddhist suggestion because it has within the West. Written via Damien Keown, one of many few specialists world wide who makes a speciality of the realm, Buddhist Ethics illustrates how Buddhism may well process more than a few modern ethical concerns, starting from abortion to euthanasia, sexuality to cloning, or even warfare and economics.

About the sequence: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and elegance, Very brief Introductions offer an advent to a couple of life's finest issues. Written through specialists for the newcomer, they exhibit the best modern considering the vital difficulties and concerns in countless numbers of key issues, from philosophy to Freud, quantum concept to Islam.

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M. Houben and Karel R. Van Kooij (Leiden: Brill, 1999), pp. 45–67; B. D. A. Victoria, Zen at conflict (New York and Tokyo: Weatherhill, 1997); B. D. A. Victoria, Zen battle tales (London: Routledge Curzon, 2003); U. Tahtinen, Non-Violent Theories of Punishment: Indian and Western (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1983). bankruptcy 6 R. Florida, ‘Buddhism and Abortion’, in modern Buddhist Ethics, ed. Damien Keown (Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press, 2000); Fu H. Hardacre, advertising the Menacing Fetus in Japan (Berkeley, CA: rthe college of California Press, 1997); P. Harvey, An advent to r rea Buddhist Ethics: Foundations, Values and concerns (Cambridge: din Cambridge collage Press, 2000), bankruptcy eight; Damien Keown, g Buddhism and Abortion (London/Honolulu: Macmillan/University of Hawaii Press, 1999); Damien Keown, Buddhism and Bioethics (London: Palgrave, 2001); W. A. LaFleur, Liquid existence: Abortion and Buddhism in Japan (Princeton: Princeton college Press, 1992); A. Whittaker, Abortion, Sin and the kingdom in Thailand (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004). bankruptcy 7 C. B. Becker, ‘Buddhist perspectives of Suicide and Euthanasia’, Philosophy East and West, forty (1990): 543–56; R. Florida, ‘Buddhist techniques to Euthanasia’, experiences in faith [ Sciences religieuses], 22 (1993): 35–47; P. Harvey, An creation to Buddhist Ethics: Foundations, Values and concerns (Cambridge: Cambridge collage Press, 2000), bankruptcy 7; Damien Keown and J. Keown, ‘Karma, Killing and worrying: Buddhist and Christian views on Euthanasia’, magazine of scientific Ethics, 21 (1995): 265–9; R. W. Perrett, ‘Buddhism, Euthanasia and the 139 Sanctity of Life’, magazine of clinical Ethics, 22 (1996): 309–13; P. Ratanakul, ‘To store or enable pass: Thai Buddhist views on Euthanasia’, in modern Buddhist Ethics, ed. Damien Keown (Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press, 2000). bankruptcy eight M. G. Barnhart, ‘Nature, Nurture, and No-Self: Bioengineering and Buddhist Values’, magazine of Buddhist Ethics ( http://jbe. gold. ac. uk/7/ barnhart001. html); E. Falls, J. D. Skeel, and W. J. Edinger, ‘The Koan of Cloning: A Buddhist point of view at the Ethics of Human Cloning Technology’, moment Opinion, No. 1 (1999): 44–56 (online at http:// www. parkridgecenter. org/Page169. html); B. Huimin, ‘Buddhist Bioethics: The Case of Human Cloning and Embryo Stem phone Research’, Chung-Hwa Buddhist magazine, 15 (2002): 457–70 (in Chinese). uddhist EthicsB one hundred forty word list abhidharma: ‘higher Dharma’, scholasticism advesa: benevolence ˙ amoha: knowing ana ¯tman: the Buddhist doctrine of ‘no self’ ara ¯ga: non-attachment arhat: a ‘worthy one’ or saint who has attained nirvana a ¯tman: the soul or self in Hindu teachings bardö: in Tibetan Buddhism, an intermediate kingdom among beginning and dying bodhisattva: an ‘enlightenment being’, a follower of Maha¯ya¯na Buddhism Brahma-viha ¯ras: ‘Divine Abidings’, a suite of 4 states of brain cultivated specifically via meditation: loving-kindness, compassion, sympathetic pleasure, and equanimity brahmin: a member of the priestly caste of Hinduism Buddha: an ‘awakened one’, one that is absolutely enlightened and has attained nirvana cakravartin: a ‘wheel turner’, a legendary excellent ruler or righteous king da ¯na: generosity Dharma: usual legislation duhkha: anguish, unsatisfactoriness ˙ dvesa: hatred ˙ Ja ¯takas: tales of the Buddha’s prior lives from the Khuddaka Nika¯ya of the Pa¯li canon 141 karma: motion, ethical retribution karuna ¯: compassion ˙ klesá: detrimental disposition of personality, ‘vice’ ksa ¯nti: persistence ˙ kusála: reliable, healthy, virtuous mandala: cosmic diagram or round layout illustrating Buddhist ˙ ˙ teachings Ma ¯ra: the Buddhist ‘Satan’ mantra: a legitimate or formulation having magic energy mizuko kuyo ¯: a memorial carrier following an abortion in Japan moha: myth, lack of know-how nirvana: the objective of the Buddhist direction; the country of ideal enlightenment attained via Buddhas and arhats pa ¯na: lifestyles, breath ˙ pandaka: an effeminate gay guy ˙ ˙ pa ¯ramita ¯: one the six ‘perfections’, or virtues, of a bodhisattva pa ¯pa: evil deeds, undesirable karma; the other of punya ˙ prajña ¯: perception, wisdom, knowledge punya: solid deeds, benefit, reliable karma; the other of pa ¯pa ˙ uddhist EthicsB ra¯ga: wish, yearning sama ¯dhi: meditative trance, focus samsa ¯ra: cyclic lifestyles ˙ sangha: the Buddhist order of priests and nuns s´ı ¯la: morality, self-restraint skandha: one of many 5 parts of human nature su ¯ tra/sutta: a discourse of the Buddha trsna ¯: wish, yearning ˙˙˙ tripitaka: the ‘three baskets’ of the Buddha’s teachings, the Buddhist ˙ canon upa ¯ya-kausálya: ‘Skilful Means’, the doctrine that teachings and perform will be tailored to situations Vinaya: Buddhist monastic legislations 142 Index ‘Buddhist view’ 36–7 Bush, President sixty nine A C Abhidharmakosá seventy one cakravartin seventy two abortion 22, sixty eight, 86–8, 92–3, cardinal virtues 12 ninety six, ninety nine, 121 celibacy fifty three, fifty six, 66–8 adultery fifty nine, sixty five Channa 106–7 ahimsa ¯ 14–15, 20, forty seven, fifty nine, one hundred thirty Christianity 26, 39, 53–4, sixty two, ˙ Aja¯tasattu seventy two 66–8, seventy nine, 123, 127 al-Qaeda eighty two cloning 116–18, 121–2, 124, A ¯nanda fifty five 126–7, one hundred thirty antinomianism 19 reproductive 118–19, 123, a hundred thirty Appleyard, B.

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